Lead Poisoning

No safe blood lead level in children has been identified. “Lead Poisoning” is defined as a confirmed level of lead in human blood of five micrograms per deciliter (5 µg/dl) or greater.

Lead exposure can affect nearly every system in the body.  Because lead exposure often occurs with no obvious symptoms, it frequently goes unrecognized.

State Law Mandates

State law mandates blood lead screening for all “high risk” children 72 months (6 years) of age and below. A “High risk” child is defined as a child that:

  • Lives in or regularly visits a house built before 1950. (This includes a day care center, preschool, or home of a baby sitter or relative.)
  • Lives in or visits a house that has peeling, chipping, dusting or chalking paint.
  • Lives in or visits a house built before 1978 with recent, ongoing, or planned renovation/remodeling.
  • Has a sibling or playmate who has or did have lead poisoning.
  • Frequently comes in contact with an adult who has a hobby or works with lead. Examples are construction, welding, pottery, painting, and casting ammunition.

Or any child residing in one of the following zip codes:

43402
43606
43612
43460
43607
43613
43551
43608
43614
43602
43609
43615
43604
43610
43620
43605
43611
43624

Note* Every child on Medicaid is also mandated by the State to be tested for lead.

For an easy-to-follow handout to share with your pediatrician click here

Other Information

The Ohio Department of Health estimates that there are approximately 19,000 children with lead poisoning in the state of Ohio. Nearly half of Ohio’s children live in its six largest counties.

The Toledo-Lucas County Health Department focuses on two areas: testing all children at risk and eliminating all points of lead exposure for children (environmental intervention).

A Public Health Lead Investigation conducted by the Toledo-Lucas County Health Department includes: case management, risk assessments, abatement orders, enforcement, and follow-up.